Setting this up took me a couple of minutes — finding the reason why it didn’t work a couple of hours. The question has hundreds of hits on Google, a simple answer hasn’t. Hope this helps
someone somewhere you.
Create script to parse incoming mail
<?php $data = file_get_contents("php://stdin"); ?>
Add a new email address to Postfix configuration
sudo vi /etc/aliases
and add the following line (everything on one line)
email+to+redirect: "| php -q /home/user/full/path/to/your/new/script.php"
Apply the changes to the aliases by running
To make sure Postfix will pick up the newly added alias soon. If you’re in a hurry, do a
One thing that took some time to figure out: my php script ran ok from the prompt, I had supplied it with test data and I saw all the expected data in my database. Yet, when I triggered the script by sending an email to the new address, Postfix bounced it right back at me, saying
The e-mail system was unable to deliver the message, but did not report a specific reason. Check the address and try again. If it still fails, contact your system administrator. < xxx.yyy #5.0.0 X-Postfix; Command died with status 255: "php -q /home/user/full/path/to/your/new/script.php">
In the end, the reason for this error is simple. It is Postfix telling me PHP stopped executing the script as it found an error. In my case, the error occured when the script ran as user Nobody. When tested from the prompt, I didn’t get the error, as the user had sufficient rights.